Medium Accuracy: 40.12% Submissions: 329 Points: 4
Design a system that takes big URLs like “http://www.geeksforgeeks.org/count-sum-of-digits-in-numbers-from-1-to-n/” and converts them into a short URL. It is given that URLs are stored in database and every URL has an associated integer id. So your program should take an integer id and generate a URL.
A URL character can be one of the following
A lower case alphabet [‘a’ to ‘z’], total 26 characters
An upper case alphabet [‘A’ to ‘Z’], total 26 characters
A digit [‘0′ to ‘9’], total 10 characters
There are total 26 + 26 + 10 = 62 possible characters.
So the task is to convert an integer (database id) to a base 62 number where digits of 62 base are "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMN
N = 12345
Explanation: "dnh" is the url for id 12345
N = 30540
Explanation: "h6K" is the url for id 30540
You don't need to read input or print anything. Your task is to complete the function idToShortURL() which takes the integer nas parameters and returns an string denoting the answer.
Expected Time Complexity: O(N) Expected Auxiliary Space: O(1)