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Implement Atoi
Medium Accuracy: 32.9% Submissions: 100k+ Points: 4

Your task  is to implement the function atoi. The function takes a string(str) as argument and converts it to an integer and returns it.

Note: You are not allowed to use inbuilt function.

Example 1:

str = 123
Output: 123

Example 2:

str = 21a
Output: -1
Explanation: Output is -1 as all
characters are not digit only.

Your Task:
Complete the function atoi() which takes a string as input parameter and returns integer value of it. if the input string is not a numerical string then returns -1.
Note: Numerical strings are the string where either every character is in between 0-9 or where the first character is '-' and the rest all characters are in between 0-9.

Expected Time Complexity: O(|S|), |S| = length of string str.
Expected Auxiliary Space: O(1)

1 ≤ length of S ≤ 10

Note:The Input/Ouput format and Example given are used for system's internal purpose, and should be used by a user for Expected Output only. As it is a function problem, hence a user should not read any input from stdin/console. The task is to complete the function specified, and not to write the full code.

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Implement Atoi

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