Medium Accuracy: 45.37% Submissions: 11492 Points: 4
Given a Binary Tree and a positive integer k. The task is to count all distinct nodes that are distance k from a leaf node. A node is at k distance from a leaf if it is present k levels above the leaf and also, is a direct ancestor of this leaf node. If k is more than the height of Binary Tree, then nothing should be counted.
/ \ / \
4 5 6 7
K = 2
Explanation: There are only two unique
nodes that are at a distance of 2 units
from the leaf node. (node 3 for leaf
with value 8 and node 1 for leaves with
values 4, 5 and 7)
Note that node 2
isn't considered for leaf with value
8 because it isn't a direct ancestor
of node 8.
K = 4
Explanation: Only one node is there
which is at a distance of 4 units
from the leaf node.(node 1 for leaf
with value 9)
Your Task: You don't have to read input or print anything. Complete the function printKDistantfromLeaf() that takes root node and k as inputs and returns the number of nodes that are at distance k from a leaf node. Any such node should be counted only once. For example, if a node is at a distance k from 2 or more leaf nodes, then it would add only 1 to our count.
Expected Time Complexity: O(N). Expected Auxiliary Space: O(Height of the Tree).
1 <= N <= 105
Note: The Input/Output format and Example are given are used for the system's internal purpose, and should be used by a user for Expected Output only. As it is a function problem, hence a user should not read any input from the stdin/console. The task is to complete the function specified, and not to write the full code.