Probability of Knight
Submissions: 3552   Accuracy:

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  Difficulty: Medium   Marks: 4

Given an NxN chessboard and a Knight at position (x,y). The Knight has to take exactly K steps, where at each step it chooses any of the 8 directions uniformly at random. What is the probability that the Knight remains in the chessboard after taking K steps, with the condition that it can’t enter the board again once it leaves it.

Input:
The first line of input contains an integer T denoting the number of test cases. Then T test cases follow. The first line of each test case contains four integers N, X, Y and K. Where N * N is the size of the board and (X, Y) denotes the starting position of the chess piece.

Output:
Output the probability that the knight remains on the board. Print the answer exactly upto 6 decimal places for each testcase in a new line.

Constraints:
1<= T <=100
0<= N, K, X, Y <=100

Example:
Input:
1
8 0 0 3
Output:
0.125000

** For More Input/Output Examples Use 'Expected Output' option **

Contributor: Sujnesh Mishra
Author: sujnesh


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